Corresponding Member, the Russian Academy of Sciences




2009 + Deputy Director of the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences

2007 +   Adjunct Senior Research Scientist in the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

1977 + Research Scientist in Glaciological Department of the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences


Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences

Staromonetny-29, Moscow, Russia, 119017

Tel: +7-495-125-90-11

Fax: +7-495-959-00-33

e-mail: olgasolomina@yandex.ru


Diploma (like Master), History, Archeology, Ethnography, Moscow State University, 1981.

Ph.D., Hydrology, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1987. Dissertation title: "The Holocene moraines studies by bioindication methods".

Doctor of Sciences (like Habilitation), Hydrology, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1998. Dissertation title: "Mountain glaciation of Northern Eurasia in the Holocene".


Russian, English, French (active), German, Spanish (reading)

Honors, Awards

2007    Nobel Peace Prize in the IPCC Group of Experts

1995    Stipend for outstanding young researchers of President of the Russian Federation

Committee Appointments

2012+              International Association of Cryospheric Sciences IACS, vice-president

2010+             IPCC Fifth assessment,  “Cryosphere” chapter - Lead author

2008+             INQUA  Palaeoclimate commission

2006-2011       International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) Scientific Committee

(vice-char since 2007).

2005-2009      Russian Federation Commission for Scientific Qualification;

2003-2009      Scientific Council of the Institute of Geography;

2001-2005      PAGES Steering Committee;

2005-2007      International Glaciological Society Scientific Council;

2005-2007      International Project “Climate and Cryosphere” (CliC) National Committee;

2006-2009      International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) Scientific Committee;

2005-2007      FAR IPCC, 2007. “Palaeoclimate” chapter - Lead author

Editorial Boards

2009+ Bulletin of Geography (Physical Geography Series), Nicolaus Copernicus   University (NCU), Toruń, Poland; advisory Council;

2009+  Geomorphology

2008+  Geography, Environment, Sustainability. MSU-IGRAS

2004+ Data of Glaciological Studies: editorial board;

2005+ Izvestiya of the Academy of Sciences. Geographical Series: editorial board;

2004    Guest editor for special issue of “Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology” “High latitude paleoenvironments”;

2005    Guest editor for special issue of “Global and Planetary Changes” “Glaciers and Climate at different time scales”

Research Expeditions

Northern Caucasus and Georgia, Solovki Island, the Alps, Sakhalin, Svalbard, Crimea, Ukraine, Kunashir Island, King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, Patagonia, Chile, Cordillera Blanca, Peru, Pamir-Alay, Uzbekistan, Kamchatka, Tien Shan, Kirgizstan, Uzbekistan, Altay, Polar Urals.

Recent Research Grants

2008-2010      PI, Construction and paleoclimatic analysis of continuous millennium-long ring-width chronology in Moscow region (Russian Foundation for Basic Research)

2007-2008      Co-PI, Study of regional ecological problems connected to the climate change and adaptation strategies (Grant of Ministry of Science)

2004-2005      Co-PI, The Little Ice Age and the glaciers – paleoclimatic implications (comparison of the French Alps and Caucasus)  (French-Russian Program of Scientific Exchange);

2004-2006      Co-PI, Tree-ring and ice-core record combination for paleoclimatic reconstructions in the Tien Shan, Kamchatka, and Taymir/Franz Josef Land /Severnaya Zemlia (the Former Soviet Union) International Science and Technology Center;

2004-2006      PI, Tree-ring-based spatial reconstruction of Tien Shan climate of the last 400 years (Russian Foundation for Basic Research);

2002-2004      Participant, Tree-ring reconstructions of the North Pacific Oscillation (PI - G.Wiles, in cooperation of Lamont-Doherty Tree-ring Laboratory, USA).

2000-2001      PI, Retreat of mountain glaciers of Northern Eurasia since the Little Ice Age Maximum. National Snow and Ice Data Center, CIRES, Boulder, USA. (Fulbright Foundation).

Selected Lectures

2009-2011 Russian Academy of Science international meetings with official delegations from   NASA, NOA, CNRS, IGBP

2006    National Center of Competence in Research in Climate, Inst. of Geography, Bern;

2002    Lamont Dotherty Observatory, USA;

2002    University of Massachusetts, USA;

2001    Innsbruck University, Austria;

2000    Institute of Arctic, Alpine, and Antarctic Research & National Snow and Ice Data Center Boulder, Colorado, USA;

2000    Institute de Antarctica, Santiago, Chile;

1999    Institute of Low Temperature, Sapporo, Japan;

1998    University of Arizona, Tucson, USA;

1998    Munchen University, Germany;

1998    University of Wales, UK;

1997    Gottingen University, Germany;

1996    Hohenheim University, Germany;

1996    Laboratoire de Glaciologie, Grenoble, France.



1999    Solomina, O.N. Mountain glaciation of Northern Eurasia in Holocene. Moscow, Nauchny Mir. 264 pp. (in Russian).

1989    Serebryanny, L.R., Orlov, A.V., Solomina, O.N. at al.  Moraines as a source of glaciological information. Moscow, Nauka. 239 pp. (in Russian).

Selected Articles

2011           Brugnoli E., Solomina O., Spaccino L., Dologva E. Climate Signal in the Ring Width, Density and Carbon Stable Isotopes in Pine (Pinus silvestris L.) in Central Caucasus. Geography, Environment, Sustainability, N 4, p. 4-16.

2011           Solomina O.N., Matskovsky V.V, Zhukov R.C. Tree-ring chronicles “Vologda” and “Solovki” as a source of the data on climatic of the last millennium”. Doklady of  Academy of Sciences, v 439, № 4, с. 539–544.

2011          Matskovsky V.V, Dolgova E.A., Solomina O.N. Application of tree-ring data for the reconstruction of the runoff of Teberda river in 1850-2005 гг. Ice and Snow, 2011-1 (119) – p. 119-123.

2011           Wanner H., Solomina O., Grosjean M., Ritz S.P. and Jetel M. Structure and origin of Holocene cold events. Quaternary Science Reviews Volume 30, Issues 21-22, October 2011, Pages 3109-3123 doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.07.010

2010           Solomina O.N., Maksimova O.E. Ring width and density of Picea Schrenkiana at the upper tree limit in Kyrgyz republic as a source of peleoclimatic information. Izvestiya of Russian Academy of Sciences. Geographical Series (in Russian) №6, p. 54-66.           

2010           Maximova O.E., Solomina O.N.. Seven-centuries spurce ring width chronology in the area of Engilchek glacier, Tien Shan mountains, Kyrgyzstan republic. Proceedings of the International workshop “Reconceptualizing cultural and environmental change in Central Asia: an historical perspective on the future. Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp.1-10.

2010           Dolgova E., Solomina O.  The first quantitative reconstruction of warm period temperature in Caucasus according to the tree-ring data. Doklady of Academy of Sciences. 431, № 2, p. 1–5.

2009                    Solomina O.N., Aptikaeva O.I., Shatalin A.Yu. Rhythms of the natural processes by the Wavelet analyses of the conifer tree-rings in the northern part of  European Russia in the last 300 years. Geophysical processes and the biosphere. v 8, № 1. p. 51-61.

2010           Solomina, O.N., Ivanov, M.N and Bradwell, T. Lichenometric studies on moraines in the Polar Urals. Geogr. Ann., 92 A (1): 81–99.

2010           Solomina, O. Unknown eruption of Shiveluch volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) around AD1756 is identified by dendrochronology.  In: Tree-Ring Reconstructions in Natural Hazards Research. Series: Advances in Global Change Research (AGLO) Eds. M. Stoffel, M. Bollschweiler, D. R. Butler, B. H.Luckman.     DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2

2010           Solomina, O. Studying past volcanic activity with tree-rings. In: Tree-Ring Reconstructions in Natural Hazards Research. Series: Advances in Global Change Research (AGLO) Eds. M. Stoffel, M. Bollschweiler, D. R. Butler, B. H.Luckman.   DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2

2010           Klimenko V. and Solomina O. Climatic Variations in the East European Plain during the Last Millennium: State of the Art. Przybylak et al. (eds.). The Polish Climate in the European Context:An Historical Overview, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-3167-9_3,© Springer Science + Business Media, B.V. 71-101.

2010           Solomina O.N., Rumiantsev D.E., Matskovsky V.V. Conifer tree-ring response to climatic signal in the central part of the East European Plain. Geography: problems of science and education. LXIII Gertzen Conference. SPB, p. 321-324

2009           Demezhko D.Yu., Solomina O.N. Temperature changes in the Kunashir during the last    400 years according to the geothermic and tree-ring data. Doklady of Academy of Sciences 426(2): 1-4.

2009           Solomina, O.N., Aptikaeva, O.I.,  Shatalin, A.Yu. Cyclicity of Natural Processes in the Last 300 Years Imprinted in the Tree-Ring Proxies in Subarctic European Russia Revealed by Wavelet Analysis. Geofizicheskie protsessy i biosfera, 2009, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 51–62. ISSN 0001_4338, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2010, Vol. 46, No. 7, pp. 32–39.

2009           Rumiantsev D.E., Solomina O.N., Lipatkin V.A., Matskovsky V.V., Kukhta A.E., Nikolaev D.K. Potentials of cross-dating of the pine and spruce in the central part of the East European plain. Lesnoy Vesntik. V. 3 (72), 67-75.

2008           Solomina O.N., Maximova O.E., Gorlov M.G. Tree-ring reconstruction of summer temperature of the last five centuries in the Tien Shan mountains, Kyrgyzstan republic // Symposium in memory of the 80th anniversary of the German-Russian Alay/ Pamir Expedition in 1928, 2008.

2008           Wanner, H., Beer, J.  Bütikofer, J.,  Crowley, T. J., Cubaschd, U., Flückiger, J., Goosse, H., Grosjean, M., Joos, F., Kaplan, J.O., Küttel, M., Müller, S.,  Prentice C., Solomina, O., Stocker, T. F., Tarasov P., Wagner M.,  Widmann, M. (2008). "Mid- to late Holocene climate change - a comprehensive review. Quaternary Science Review 27 (19-20): 1791-1828.

2008           Solomina, O., I. Pavlova, A. Curtis, G. Jacoby, V. Ponomareva, and M. Pevzner Constraining recent Shiveluch volcano eruptions (Kamchatka, Russia) by means of dendrochronology. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. Special Issue: Tree-ring reconstructions in natural hazards research, v. 8., p.1-15.

2008           Jomelli V., Grancher D., Brunstein D., Solomina O. Recalibration of the yellow Rhizocarpon growth curve in the Cordillera Blanca (Peru) and implications for LIA chronology. Geomorphology 93, 201–212.

2007           Solomina, O.N., Abilmeizova B., Griaznova,V.V., Yershova, I.V.. Tree-rings drought index reconstruction in Near Issyk-Kul area, Tien Shan, Kyrgyz Republic for AD 1680-2005. - Problems of ecological monitoring and ecosystem modeling vol. 21, pp. 183-202. (in Russian).

2007           Solomina, O., Wiles, G., Shiraiwa, T., and  D’Arrigo, R. Multiproxy records of climate variability for Kamchatka for the past 400 years Climate of the Past 3(www.clim-past.net/3/119/2007/): 119-128.

2007           Solomina, O., Jomelli,V.  Kaser G., Ames, A., Berger B., Pouyaud, B. Lichenometry in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru: “Little Ice Age” moraine chronology. Glob.Planet.Change doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.11.016.

2007           Solomina, O., Haeberli,  W.,  Kull, C., Wiles, G. Historical and Holocene glacier–climate variations: General concepts and overview Glob.Planet.Change doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.02.001.

2006           Solomina O., Schweingruber F., Nagornov O., Kuzmichenok, V.,. Yurina Yu., Mikhalenko V., Kunakhovich M., and Kutuzov, S. Reconstruction of summer temperature and ablation of glaciers in Central Tien Shan for the period of AD 1626-1995 using maximum ring density of spruce (Picea Schrenkiana)  Data of Glacialogical Studies, vol. 100, pp. 104-113. (in Russian).

2005           Solomina, O., Jacoby, G., D'Arrigo, R., Braeunning, А., Eremenko, N., Muraviev, Ya. Summer Temperature Reconstructions of the Last 400 Years in Kamchatka and Kunashir Based on Tree-Ring Analysis. Problems of ecological monitoring and ecosystem modeling 20: 37-58. (in Russian).

2005           Solomina, O., Davi, N., D’Arrigo, R., Jacoby, G. Tree-ring reconstruction of Crimean drought and l ake chronology correction. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, 32(LXXXXX): doi:10.1029/2005GL023335.

2005           Solomina, O. N. Glacier and climate variability on the Mountains of the Former Soviet Union during the last 1000 years. Global change and mountain regions. An overwiew of current knowledge. Eds: U.M.Huber, M.A.Reasoner. Dordrecht, Springer. 23: 61-72.

2004           Solomina, O., Alverson, K. High latitude Eurasian paleoenvironments: introduction and synthesis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 209: 1-18.

2004           Jacoby, G., Solomina,O.,  Frank, D.,  Eremenko, N.,  D’Arrigo, R. “Kunashir (Kuriles) Oak 400-year reconstruction of temperature and relation to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation.” Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 209: 303-311.

2004           Solomina, O., Barry, R., Bodnya, M. The Retreat of Tien Shan Glaciers (Kyrgyzstan) since the Little Ice Age Estimated from Aerial Photographs, Lichenometric and Historical Data. Geographiska Annaler, v 86A n 2: 205-215.

2003           Solomina, O.N., 2003. Dynamics of subpolar glaciation over 2000 years by lichenometric data. Data of glaciological studies.  94: 17-30. (in Russian).

2003           Solomina, O., Calkin, P. Lichenometry as Applied to Moraines in Alaska, USA, and Kamchatka, Russia. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35 (2): 129-143.

2002           Solomina, O.N. Dendrogeomorphology: Research Requirements. Dendrochronologia, 20 (1): 231-243.

2000           Solomina, O. N. Retreat of mountain glaciers of northern Eurasia since the Little Ice Age maximum. Annals of Glaciology.  31, p. 26-30.

1999           Solomina, O. N., Muraviev, Ya.D., Shiraiwa, K., & Sawaguchi S. Lichenometric studies of moraines in Kronotsky Peninsula, Kamchatka, Russia. In: Cryogenic Studies in Kamchatka II, Hokkaido, Japan. p. 76-78.

1998           Solomina, O. N. & Filatov, E.S. Changes in mountain glaciers in Northeast Russia from the Little Ice age to the mid-20th century. Polar Geography. 22, p. 65-78.

1997           Bondarev, L.G., Gobedzhishvili, R.G. & Solomina, O.N. Fluctuations of local glaciers in the Southern Ranges of the Former USSR. Quaternary International, 38/39, p. 103-108.

1997           Solomina O.N. Holocene rapid mass movement in the former USSR: avalanches and mudflows. In: Rapid mass movement as a source of climatic evidence for the Holocene,  Gustav Fisher Verlag, Stuttgart, p.355-369.

1996           Mikhalenko, V.N. & Solomina, O.N.  Long-term variations of mountain glaciers in the former USSR (FSU). Part 1. Mass balance reconstructions. Zeitschrift fur Gletcherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 32, p. 159-166.

1996           Solomina, O.N. Long-term variations of Mountain Glaciers in the former USSR (FSU) Part 2. Dendrochronology and Lichenometry. Zeitschrift fur Gletcherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 32, p. 197-205.

1996           Savoskul, O.S. & Solomina, O.N. Late-Holocene glacier variations in the frontal and inner ranges of the Tien Shan, Central Asia. The Holocene, 6 (1), p. 25-35.

1996           Serebryanny, L.R. & Solomina, O.N. Glaciers and climate of the mountains of the former USSR during the Neoglacial. Mountain Research and Development,  16 (2), p. 157-166.

1995           Solomina, O.N., Muravyev, Ya.D. & Bazanova, L.I.  Little Ice Age Glaciers in Kamchatka.  Annals of Glaciology, 21, p.  240-244.

1994           Solomina, O.N., Savoskul O.S. & Cherkinsky A.E.  Glacier variations, mudflow activity and landscape development in the Aksay Valley (Tien Shan) during the late Holocene. The Holocene, 4 (1), p. 25-31.

1991           Kotlyakov, V.M., Serebryanny, L.R. & Solomina, O.N. Climate change and glacier fluctuations of the last millennium in the south mountains of USSR. Mountain Research and Development.  11 (1) p. 1-12.

1991           Solomina, O. & Melnikova, N. Research on glaciers and climate fluctuations in Turgen-Aksu Valley, Terskey Ala-Too Range (tree-rings, lichenometry). - Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology. 13 (3), p. 201-212 (in Chinese).

1989           Serebryanny, L.R. & Solomina, O.N.  Glacial changes in Tien Shan Mts. revealed by bioindication: time series analysis and interpretation. - IAHS Publ.  p. 81-87.

1985           Serebryanny, L,R., Tishkov, A.A., Malyasova, E.S., Solomina, O.N. & Ilves, E.O.  Reconstruction of the development of vegetation in Arctic high latitudes.  Polar geography and geology. 9, p. 308-321.